Basic Epistemology for Beginning Apologetics

With Christopher Neiswonger, Lindsay Brooks and Joe Young

Knowing
Opinion
Perspective
Certainty
Persuasion
Insufficiency
Plato – Aristotle
Augustine
Aquinas
Rorty

Tradition as a source of knowing

Experience
Personal experience
Religious experience
Presuppositions of experience
Implications of experience

The Nature of Inquiry
Historical inquiry
Philosophical inquiry
Scientific inquiry

Evidence
The Nature of Evidence
Relevance
Probative value
Bias
Interpretation
Standards of Persuasion
Standards of Reliability

The problem of Subjectivity and Objectivity

Kinds of evidence
Experience
Testimony
Records
Initial conditions implied by current conditions
Proper Foundation

Arguments
Arguments from Axioms
Arguments from Intuitions
Arguments from commonly accepted knowledge (“common sense”)
Arguments from physical Sensation and its inherent presumptions and implications
Arguments from the consequence of changing states of being
Arguments from rationality – from the existence of logic alone, from its use, and from its universality
Arguments from Sentience – consciousness and personalizes

The problem of that which is greater being implied by that which is lesser
The problem of identity, division and wholeness; composition
The problem of Event Horizons
The problem of Limiting factors

Wittgenstein Fideism
Cartesian Rationalism
Kantian Agnosticism
Barthian Dogmatism

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neiswonger@gmail.com

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